Murchison Falls National Park is a national park in Uganda managed by Ugandan Wildlife Authority. The park lies in north western Uganda, spreading inland from the shore of Lake Albert around the Victoria Nile. It is named for the Murchison Falls waterfall, itself named for a president of the Royal Geographical Society. The park is known for its wildlife which has partly recovered from a massacre by poachers and troops under Idi Amin. Together with the adjacent 748 square kilometers (289 sq mi) Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the 720 square kilometer (280 sq mi) Karuma Wildlife Reserve, the park forms the Murchison Falls Conservation Area.
Murchison falls national park is sometimes referred to as Kabarega National Park. Kabarega was the Omukama of the Kingdom of Bunyoro, around the end of the 19th century. He resisted colonization by the British, was arrested and was exiled by the British to the island nation of the Seychelles. Kabarega died in Jinja, in 1923 en route to Bunyoro from exile.
Murchison Falls National Park is located in Masindi District in western Uganda and in Nwoya District in northern Uganda. The park is situated approximately 300 kilometers (190 mi), by road, northwest of Kampala, Uganda’s capital city. The coordinates of the park are: 02 15N, 31 48E (Latitude: 2.2500; Longitude: 31.8000).
Murchison Falls National Park is Uganda’s largest national park. It measures approximately 3,840 square kilometers (1,480 sq mi). Together with the adjacent Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the Karuma Wildlife Reserve, the park is part of the 5,308 square kilometers (2,049 sq mi) Murchison Falls Conservation Area (MFCA). The park is bisected by the Victoria Nile from east to west for a distance of about 115 kilometers (71 mi). The park is the location of the famous Murchison Falls, where the waters of the majestic Nile River squeeze through a narrow gorge, only 7 metres (23 ft) wide, before plunging 43 meters (141 ft) below. Also in the park, adjacent to the Masindi-Gulu Highway, are the Karuma Falls, the proposed location of the 700 MW Karuma Power Station, Uganda’s largest hydro power station, expected to come online sometime around 2016.
The Shortest Safari to Murchison Falls national park Can be 2 Days, 3 Days wildlife Safaris with Active African Vacations to see four of the “big five”. Buffaloes, elephants, lions, leopards are best to be seen in the northern part. Due to excessive hunting and poaching, Rhinos became extinct by 1983, but were re-introduced into Uganda in 2005 by Rhino Fund Uganda. White rhinos are now being bred again in the 7000ha Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary, which is located 70 km south of the park; their mission is to reintroduce small herds of rhinos (around five at a time), whilst retaining a nucleus breeding herd in the sanctuary.
These are the most prominent safari activity carried out and it involves transferring from one place to another along the various tracks in the park watching wildlife animals wandering around their natural vegetation habitat. The animals that can be spotted include; lions, giraffes, elephants, leopards, buffaloes, warthogs, bushbuck, Oribis, Jackson’s Hartebeest, Small antelope, topis, waterbucks.
The park is also prominently recognized as a birder’s paradise for there are about 451 different species that can be sighted around the park with the most sought after rare Shoebill Stork. Other birds can be spotted in the park and these include the African Darter, Goliath Heron, Yellow-billed Stork, Abdim’s Stork, White-faced Whistling Duck, Secretary Bird, Osprey, Dark Chanting-Goshawk, Martial Eagle, Hugli’s Francolin, Denham’s Bustard, Spotted Thick-knee, Senegal Thick-knee, Rock Pratincole, Black-headed Plover, Long-toed Plover, Black-billed Wood-Dove, Veracious Dove, Long Tailed Nightjar, Standard-winged Nightjar, Pennant-winged Nightjar, Blue-naped Moosebird, Giant Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Malachite Kingfisher, Swallow-tailed Bee-eater, Red-throated Bee-eater. All vivid birders around the world should not miss out on an opportunity to watch these brilliant species of birds around the park.
These are also a famous safari activity carried out in the park and they take place along the Victoria Nile towards the bottom of the falls where travelers will have the opportunity to view the falls closer. There are 2 sessions when the boat cruises and these include the morning cruise which begins at 8: 30 am and the afternoon cruise that starts at 2:30 pm. These are amazing and offer exceptional experiences to all kinds of travelers around the world. Book a safari tour to enjoy the best cruise along Victoria Nile part of the longest River in Africa-River Nile in Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls National park is also rich with numerous cultural traditions and customs due to different tribes that are located close to the park and these include the Alur in the North West, Banyoro in the South and Acholi in the North East. Experience the traditions of these local people around the park to encounter the best safari holidays in Uganda. They will perform you music dance and drama as well as educate you on how they locally sustain their living.
Hiking through the trails in Murchison Falls National Park is remarkable to all that get involved since the forest vegetation around the park offers serenity to the fullest as well as beautiful views at the various bird species, monkeys and chimpanzees. The hikes usually take place crossing the Kaniyo Pabidi Eco Forest as well as Rabongo Forest and the Delta Area.
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